Saturday, June 15, 2019, 00:21

OMG! It just happened!          

Congratulations ….

You’re feeling excited, scared, apprehensive,

and happy.

You’re deciding how to tell everyone you love and you’re not sure what is going to happen next.

If this is your first pregnancy, you might have a lot of questions and a few fears. If you’ve been pregnant before,
you might feel a little more assured, but you may still have questions. Every pregnancy is different, so whether it is your first or your fifth, some things are naturally going to happen and some things are just unpredictable.

This blog will explain some of the biological changes that are happening to you and your baby as you progress from this point, conception, to motherhood.



This picture shows an actual sperm as it reaches the ovum, or the egg. One sperm and one egg equals one baby, unless the embryo splits, which happens 36 hours after conception, and then you get identicle twins, who will have the exact same DNA because they were created from one egg and one sperm.

Mom has shared 23 chromosomes and dad has shared 23 chromosomes. These are the building blocks that
make up your baby, commonly called genes.

Your baby spends the first six days making it’s way through the fallopian tubes before attaching to the mom’s blood supply in the uterus. During this time, your baby is being “fed” by progesterone, which is a hormone that is released by the corpus luteum inside the ovary.

During the first few days of your baby’s life, while it’s still in the fallopian tube, your baby is busy undergoing a process called mitosis.  This is where the cells divide and split going from 2 to 64 and becoming what is called a blastocyst. Your baby looks a lot like a raspberry, but is much smaller.    

This blastocyst serves two very important functions. The water filled inside is where your fetus develops and the outer layer is what forms the umbilical cord. The blastocyst has small protrusions, called the chorionic villi. This villi contains your baby’s entire DNA profile.

On day 6 of your baby’s life, the blastocyst connects into mom’s bloodstream, via the chorionic villi, in the uterus . At this point, you
have not yet missed your menstrual period - that happens on day 14.

It’s important to mention here that one in five pregnancies result in miscarriage because something has gone wrong during this process.  There is nothing that mom or dad did wrong …. It’s just nature.


Your baby is busy developing and growing.

On day 21, the umbilical cord attaches from the baby’s belly
button to mom’s uterus. It’s very likely that you have missed your period and are a week late, if you are a person who has a very regular cycle, you might suspect you’re pregnant.

If you were trying to conceive, a pregnancy test has been able to detect the pregnancy hormones and has, in most cases,
given you a positive result.

However, your baby is hard to recognize as such right now, but everything is there that will lead your child through the rest of their life.

This is a baby at day 25 of it’s life.


On day 49 the fetus is about the size of a quarter and weighs ½ ounce. The arms, legs, hands, feet, fingers, toes, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, tongue, stomach, esophagus, liver, spleen,
pancreas, thymus are visible.

The lungs and brain are forming.

The heart has been beating for 4 weeks, and the first primitive heart beat can be detected on day 21.

Between days 32 and 35, the face forms. This is also the time period during which a cleft lip might form.

On day 26, the neural tube closes at both the top and the bottom, much like a zipper.  This is when spina bifida might develop. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT MOM BE EATING FOLIC ACID, OR TAKING SUPPLMENTS PRIOR TO AND DURING THIS TIME.

Folic Acid helps with the development of the spine and helps prevent spina bifida.

Between days 32 and 35, the face forms.  This is also the time period during which a cleft lip might form.

Good nutrition and plenty of rest are essential building blocks for your baby during this time, as well as throughout the entire pregnancy.

Check back frequently for continued updates and articles regarding the growth and development process From Pregnant to Birth.


This article was contributed by Dr. Autumn Hamilton. 

Dr. Hamilton has her degree in Health Sciences and has worked as a professor in the health sciences arena for many many years.  


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